Sound of Khartoum
The production team for this episode are:
Researchers and Producers: Leena Shibeika, Almuzn MohamedElhassan, Mai Abusalih, and Alrassa.
Script Writers: Almuzn Mohamedelhassan and Mohammed Abdelazaaiz.
Presenters: Almuzn Mohamedelhassan and Mohammed Abdelazaaiz.
Music: Zain Records.
Audio Mixing: Tariq Suliman.
Project Manager: Zainab Gaafar.
Technical assistance: elMastaba TV.
Recording studio: Rift Digital Lab.
About the episode:
This episode gives an overview of the alternative music scene in Khartoum within the past 60 years by discussing the diverse influences leading to the emergence and development of Jazz, Zannig, and Rap musical genres in the city. We review the intersections of some of these genres with social class and politics in Khartoum and how they’ve become cultural products that were minimally represented and were not allowed to be fully legitimized by official media channels and institutions, thus they’ve historically been marginalized.
Interviewed in this episode are some of Sudan’s pioneer artists in Jazz and Zannig and through their stories, we discuss the cultural ‘otherization’ and social stigma imposed by the dominant elites against these genres. Despite these circumstances, we explore the process through which Jazz, Zannig, and Rap have become a part of the mainstream music scene in Sudan by utilizing alternative platforms such as the internet and social media.
Through this podcast, we invite Sudan’s youth to participate in the documentation and support of alternative music by any means possible.
We Dedicate this episode to the soul of the legendary Jazz singer and artist, Kamal Keila.
Episode playlist plus MORE!
Compiled and prepared by: Almuzn M. and Mohammed A.
This podcast is accompanied with a playlist of all the music featured in the podcast as well as an extensive list of different online resources of online interviews, archives and books, and articles on Jazz, Zanniq, and Rap.
First, here is a collection of songs, performances, and images.
Listen to Kamal Kiela ’s Album: Muslims and Christians. As well as listen to his special singles featured on the podcast:
Listen to these songs by the legendary Osman Alamo:
Also listen to other songs by The king of Sudanese Jazz, Shahabiel Ahmed:
- Saat Alfarah
- Farrah Galbi Aljadeed (featured on the podcast).
- Kaif Halo
- Hilwa ya Amoora
Salah Bashir, known by Salah Brown!
Find his songs on The Blue Nile Sudanese songs Library by the name Salah Brown: including these songs:
- Ouno bi Alrida Halkana
- Tala’a algamar
- Konta ma’a Aish
- Alikhider Jaa
- Seed Alyoun
Also watch his special performance of his song Altelophone, featured on the podcast.
And finally, here is a curated list of the most famous Sudanese Jazz bands and singers:
Jazz Aldoyoum Music Band:
Adwaa Bahri Music Band on :
William Andre’s “Kifaya Mozah” featured on the podcast:
First Generation of Zanniq Artists
First, Listen to Alrassa Pre-Zannig curated playlist on soundcloud!
Here is our curated list of Zanniq Artists and musicians!
Mohamed “The Maestro” Hamed
Listen to Buthaina’s “Jabra” with the famous musician Mohamed Hamed featured on the podcast.
Also listen to other songs by Buthina:
First, watch the legendary Alrubo on his public concert at Atabara here:
Here are other Soloa’at by Alrubo:
Listen to other Zannig singers and artists!
Also listen to other Sola’at by Taso here:
Finally, here are songs by the most recent Zannig singers:
Here is a collection of songs and performances by the most known Rappers on the Sudanese scenes.
Born In Black.
Here’s one of the first appearances of Sudanese rappers on Sudan’s TV.
Also listen to BIB’s Ghetto Birds with Moyad from Sudanese Band.
Listen also to :
- Al Fagr with Omer Snoop, Khaled aka Zangoola, Willy, and Mo Ali aka DMF
DZA the Dissenter
Listen to Flipper’s ‘Gorasa’ featured on the podcast:
Listen to his songs ‘Kul Al Khir’ featured on the podcast:
B Jr aka Lil Bani
Thinking about female rappers? Listen to Selma-I on her two rap songs:
Also listen to:
We end our playlist with ‘Salimmik’ by Maha Jafaar, Flippter, and Nejeery.
Here is an excessive list of online interviews and television talk show programs that feature some of the singers and musicians mentioned in the episode.
- A documentary about William Andare
- Gillani Alwaseg
- Salah Brown
- Ayman Alrobaa.
- Salah Brown & Ayman Alroba
- Ashaa Aljabaal
- Abdelraheem Tasso
During our research, we have come across many efforts to archive, digitize, and redistribute Sudanese music. We have decided to dedicate this space to highlight their efforts.
- Z music Pro
- Nexus Music
- Maktab Mezika
- Awallad Alshareka llbalgaat
- Alhagaam Almalik
- Khalid Hallwaa
- Beika Max
- Mojaheed Max
- Mazzab music
- Hima music recording
- Amaar Zango
Here are some references, including articles and books, that discuss about Sudanese music that you might find interesting!
- Arts In A Changing Society. (Book)
- Slaves Into Workers: Emancipation And Labor In Colonial Sudan. (Book)
- The Sudan Handbook. (Book)
- Jazz Jazz Jazz: The History Of The Scorpions. (Article)
- Rap Music In Sudan. (Article)
- Alrassa Blog: Waham Alhuboot: Part One.(Article)
- Salah Brown Recounts. (Article)
- Jazz Bands In Sudan.. Haja Kolen Kolen. (Article)